When somebody breaks the law and is determined guilty, they may be required to do time in jail. But this doesn’t mean that they lose all their rights. Most inmates deserve basic respect. While some inmate rights vary slightly from state to state, federal law guarantees basic human rights to all inmates that must be upheld through the entire legal process, from pretrial detainment to conviction and incarceration, should that occur.
Pretrial detainees are afforded the same human rights as other inmates. The intake process and screening should be done in a timely manner and officials must take into account, the detainee’s age, vulnerability and special needs when choosing housing. Single cell occupancy should be given if the detainee is not deemed safe among other inmates.
INMATES ARE PROTECTED FROM CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT
Inmates are afforded the right to be free from any cruel or unusual punishment. When a person is incarcerated, the incarceration is the punishment for the crime they committed. No torture or abuse is allowed.
INMATES HAVE THE RIGHT TO VOICE COMPLAINTS
All inmates have the right to voice any complaints they may have against the jail or prison where they are housed. They have their freedom of speech and if conditions are very bad, they have the right to organize. Inmates have this right without the fear of reprisal. Inmates have the right to have access to the courts to voice complaints as well.
INMATES HAVE THE RIGHT TO HEALTHCARE
Inmates are also guaranteed by the law to adequate nutrition including healthy food and up to one hour of exercise time daily. Any inmate with special dietary needs has the right to have their dietary needs met. All inmates are entitled to adequate dental, medical and mental healthcare. This includes continued care, checkups and emergency care.
INMATES HAVE THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY
Inmates also have the right to an appropriate degree of privacy when using the restroom, showering, and any other situations where a degree of privacy would be expected. There are some exceptions to this in prison, however privacy is to be observed whenever possible.
INMATES HAVE THE RIGHT TO BE NOTIFIED OF DISCIPLINARY ACTION
Inmates also have the right to know what type of conduct warrants a disciplinary action. All rules and regulations should be made available to the inmate in a handbook or in a way that may be reviewed if needed.
Knowing your rights is the best way to protect them. If you have been arrested, we make sure that you don’t have to spend any more time in jail than you have to by getting you a bail bond quickly and without a lot of hassle. If you need us, just call!